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All the Different Types of Dental Chisels

by AndreaClark
Dental Chisels

A running clinic needs several Dental instruments to carry out the different procedures. Among them are basic Instruments that usually are available in use for all procedures within the clinic, eg, Mouth mirrors. Other specialized tools are used for special procedures. Among them are Dental chisels, and mallets, tools used for bone removal and contouring. Alternate special tools for bone removal are Rongeurs and Bone files. Chisels form, contour, and trim bone throughout surgical procedures. These are offered in many designs for surgical, and operative use. The tools are straight-ended instruments with sharp blades for effective trimming.

Bone chisels are offered with a number of different blade styles. These include the Chandler bone chisel, Gardner bone chisel, freer bone chisel, Goldman fox bone chisel, and Ocheinbien chisel. These hand-held power tools are economical, versatile, and effective for all of your surgical requirements.

Ocheinbien chisel:

The Oscheinbien chisel is a fine instrument that comes in use for the Atraumatic removal of bone. Removal of the bone requires good surgical skills and excellent quality instruments. It’s a fine and delicate instrument that easily removes interproximal bone. This delicate instrument generally comes into use for the removal of fine broken root tips from the teeth sockets.

Types of chisels:

Dental Chisels are either Monobeveled or Bibeveled, Mono beveled chisels are available for use for removing bone whereas the bibeveled chisels are available for use to split teeth during extractions. Chisels are used with mallets to get rid of massive chunks of bone. Torus removal is generally accomplished by chisels and mallets.

These instruments are available in use for reshaping and contouring the bone during dental surgery.  Dental Chisels are used with a push stroke whereas Hoes are used with a pull stroke. Straight chisels have straight shanks and blades, with a bevel on just one facet, and its primary edge is perpendicular to the long axis of the handle. Straight chisels are mainly used with a straight thrust. Simply a 180-degree rotation of the instrument permits for its use on either side of the area.


These are chisels that have a similar design to the standard hatchet excavator, except that their blade is heavier and bigger. The enamel hatchets are available in use for cutting enamel and are available in the right and left designs to be used on each side of the area.

Chisels and hatchets are hand instruments that require sharper working ends for higher efficiency and for staying fit for purpose. Dulling of the instruments could cause loss of use of the instrument for the operator, Also, it consumes a longer time for the procedure and will result in compromised procedure results.

Why select stainless steel chisels and hatchets?

Stainless steel is the absolute go-to material for the manufacture of dental surgical instruments. One of the best benefits of stainless steel instruments is their strength-to-weight relation. It is a strong and resilient material that’s lightweight and ideal for medical instrument manufacture. Surgical instruments have to be lightweight to not fatigue the operator’s arm. Another excellent quality of stainless steel is its corrosion resistance properties. Stainless steel is very corrosion resistant and therefore easily sterilizable and ideal to be used in clinics. The material has excellent edge retention and wears resistance properties; hence it is easily sharpened enough to manufacture dissecting cutting and extraction instruments, e.g. Anglevators. It has good fatigue strength and provides an aesthetic finish to the tools. Stainless steel instruments are reused after sterilization, this is one of the best advantages that the material offers. It is therefore an excellent material for instrument manufacture.

Hand instruments are grasped in numerous ways. These include pen grasp, Inverted pen grasp, Palm and thumb grasp, and modified palm and thumb grasp. With every grasp, correct rests and guards are vital.

Modified pen grasp:

This grasp is like that holding a pen, except that the middle finger, thumb, and index fingers contact the instrument, whereas the ring finger and small finger are placed on the operating tooth as rests.

Inverted pen grasp:

This grasp is held with the palm facing towards the operator. It comes in use principally for the lingual and labial surfaces of anterior teeth.

Palm and thumb grasp:

The handle of the instrument is held with the palm and fingers of the operator. The thumb is either free or rests on the adjacent teeth for support.

Modified palm and thumb grasp:

The instrument is held just as in palm and thumb grasp, however, the thumb rests on the tooth being operated. This grasp principally comes into use with the higher arch.

Instrument rests:

Proper grasping of the instrument demands correct rests intraorally and extra orally. Rests are vital to steady the hand throughout operative procedures. Hard tissue rests are ideal, soft tissue rests or far away hard tissue rests don’t give reliable control.

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