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5 Treatments That Help You Manage Hemiplegia

by SamanthaH

Hemiplegia is a neurological disorder that results in weakness or paralysis on one side of the body. This can make everyday activities very difficult. However, several treatments can help you manage hemiplegia and live a relatively normal life.

1. Braces and splints

When you have hemiplegia, daily tasks can be a challenge. Braces and splints can help you regain some function and independence.

Braces are often used to support weak or underdeveloped muscles. They can also help prevent joint contractures, which is when your joints freeze in place. Joint contractures are a common complication of hemiplegia.

Splints are usually worn at night. They help keep your joints in a stretched-out position. This can help prevent joint contractures and improve the range of motion.

Both braces and splints need to be custom fit to your body. Your doctor or therapist will take measurements and ensure the devices fit well. They should not rub or cause pain.

Wearing braces or splints can take some getting used to, especially for older people. But they can help you perform basic tasks more easily and prevent long-term complications from hemiplegia.

2. Neuroplasticity

Neuroplasticity is the brain’s ability to reorganize itself in response to changes in behavior, environment, or thoughts.

This process can help people with hemiplegia relearn skills lost due to a stroke or other brain injury. It can also help them learn new tasks.

There are several different types of neuroplasticity-based therapies. These include:

  • Constraint-induced movement therapy (CIMT): This therapy involves constraining the use of your unaffected arm and forcing you to use your affected arm. A therapist will help you perform exercises and activities that require using the affected arm.
  • Robotic therapy: This therapy uses robotic devices to help you relearn movement. The therapist will guide your movements as you use the device.
  • Virtual reality: This therapy uses computer-generated simulations to help you practice tasks in a safe environment. For example, you might use virtual reality to practice cooking or driving.

Neuroplasticity-based therapies can be intense and require a lot of effort. But they can be very effective in helping people with hemiplegia regain skills and improve their quality of life.

3. Physical therapy

Physical therapy is another treatment option for people with hemiplegia. It involves exercises and activities that help improve strength, range of motion, and balance.

A physical therapist can design a custom treatment plan for you. This will depend on your individual needs and goals.

Physical therapy can be very helpful in improving your quality of life. It can help you regain some function and independence. And it may also help prevent joint contractures and other complications from hemiplegia.

4. Occupational therapy

Occupational therapy focuses on helping you perform activities of daily living (ADLs). You must do these basic tasks to take care of yourself, such as eating, dressing, and grooming.

An occupational therapist can teach you how to use adaptive devices. These are devices that can make ADLs easier. For example, you might use a reacher to pick up items that are out of reach.

An occupational therapist can also help you find ways to make your home safer. This may involve modifying your homes, such as installing handrails or ramps.

Occupational therapy can help you regain independence and improve your quality of life.

5. Medications

Several different types of medications can be used to treat hemiplegia. These include:

  • Pain relievers: These drugs can help relieve pain and stiffness associated with hemiplegia.
  • Muscle relaxants: These drugs can help reduce spasticity.
  • Anti-seizure medications can help prevent or reduce seizures. Seizures are a common complication of hemiplegia.

Your doctor will work with you to find the best medication or combination for your needs. Medications can be an important part of treatment for people with hemiplegia. They can help relieve pain and stiffness, reduce spasticity, and prevent seizures. Talk to your doctor about which medications are right for you.

Bottom Line

Treating hemiplegia can be a lifelong process. There is no cure for the condition, but there are treatments that can help you manage your symptoms and improve your quality of life. With the right treatment plan, you can regain some function and independence. You can also help prevent complications from the condition.

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