7 Common Orthopedic Disorders in Pakistan

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With age, time, and frequent use everything goes down as well as our muscles, bones, and joints etc. This is the fact that with growing age the risk of having orthopaedic diseases increases. We can maintain our muscles, bones, and joints if we know about which orthopaedic disorders can occur and how we can treat them and how we can avoid them. The following are some common orthopaedic disorders and their symptoms, causes and treatments. 

Knee Pain

Knee pain is very common in orthopaedics. People of all ages can suffer from knee pain. It can be the result of any injury that can damage the ligament or torn cartilage. Medical complications like gout, arthritis and infections can also cause knee pain. The severity and the location can be varying depending on the root cause of the issue. Symptoms and signs of the knee pain are swelling and stiffness, redness and warmth to the touch, weakness, or instability, popping or crunching noises and inability to fully strengthening the knee. Many factors can increase the risk of knee pain. If the person is overweight it increases the weight on his knee and can cause the knee pain. Not all the knee pains are severe but some injuries like osteoarthritis, can lead to increasing pain, Joint Replacement Surgery In Pakistan and if left untreated. 

Weak muscles that are not flexible and are difficult to stretch can also cause knee pain. Some sports can also damage your knee more than any other thing. In arthritis, the patient needs a knee replacement surgery. If we feel such symptoms, we should consult the best orthopaedic surgeon in the area. 

Hip Pain and Hip replacement 

The hip joint is the most important joint of our body. It helps a person to walk, run and jump. The hip joint is the most flexible joints of the human body. It is the largest ball and socket joint of our body. The ball is also called the femoral head and it is the rounded end of the femur. The socket is also called the acetabulum. The femoral head connects with the acetabulum to form the hip joint. Hip pain generally occurs in adults due to Osteoarthritis and rheumatoid. Arthritis is the cause of inflammation of the hip joint and the breakdown of the cartilage that prevents friction of your hip bones. The pain increases day by day and it gets worse. The person feels stiffness of the hip and has a reduced range of motion of the hip. The person should consult the best orthopaedic surgeon in his area.

A person might feel the symptoms of hip pain like discomfort in thigh, pain inside and outside of the hip joint, discomfort in groin and pain in buttocks. The hip replacement surgery is necessary when the hip is broken or a person has very painful arthritis in his Hip Replacement Surgeon in Pakistan. He has a lot of pain and stiffness that cannot be helped by other treatments. The person with pain and stiffness can have difficulty to walk, to climb stairs and to perform everyday activities. 

Arthritis 

Arthritis is the most common orthopaedic disorder. It includes inflammation of joints. Osteoarthritis is the most common form of arthritis which is the cause of trauma, infection, or ageing. Septic arthritis, psoriatic arthritis and rheumatoid arthritis are other types of arthritis. The arthritis patients complain about severe pain and it is due to inflammation, strains from the surrounding muscles and fatigue. 

Bone Fracture

Bone fracture is very common. It is the condition when in which there is a breakage or disconnection between bones. The causes of broken bones are fall, accidents and sports injuries. Each year there are one million fractures due to Osteoporosis. The symptoms of fracture bone depend on which bone is fractured. Some common symptoms are difficult to bend, swelling and intense pain. Orthopaedic surgeons treat the broken bones with cast or splint. In some cases, orthopaedic surgeons recommend surgery for the broken bone. 

Osteoporosis

This disease is due to the decrease in normal bone density. There are no major symptoms of osteoporosis. But sometimes it causes pain due to bone fracture. Other symptoms are loss of height, hunched posture, or hump in the upper body. Some other symptoms include back pain or neck pain. If a person feels above symptoms, he should see an orthopaedic doctor. The orthopaedic doctors first fix the issue of broken bone and further they treat the patient to avoid any future fracture. 

Foot Pain and Problems

The foot is a very important part of our body. The foot is made up of 26 bones joined by many joints, ligaments, and muscles. If a person has a foot problem then he can feel pain, inflammation, or injury in his foot. Due to foot pain, the person can find it difficult to walk properly and smoothly. Many foot problems affect the heels, toes, nerves, tendons, ligaments, and joints of the foot. Foot fractures are of different types like toe fracture, ankle joint fracture, metatarsal bone fracture and sesamoid bone fracture. If a person suffers from any one of the problems mentioned above, he should go for an orthopaedic surgeon.

Back pain

Low back pain affects one out of ten people and it is a very common orthopaedic problem. The symptoms of back pain are burning or stabbing sensation; the pain may go towards the leg and worsen with twisting, bending, lifting, or walking. If the back pain goes for weeks and it gets severe even with the rest you should see an orthopaedic doctor. Moreover, it spreads toward leg or causes weakness, numbness, or weight loss. Osteoporosis, arthritis, ruptured disks or muscle or ligament strains are the most common causes of back pain. There are many risk factors of back pain like age, lack of exercise, excess weight, improper lifting, or smoking. We can avoid back pain by doing some simple things for example exercise, build muscle strength and flexibility, maintain a healthy weight, or quit smoking. 

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