Blood Cancer Causes & Risk Factors

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Blood Cancer

Abnormal and excess production of white blood cells is one of the common causes of blood cancer. These cells stop the growth of normal cells. As a result, blood limits performing functions like preventing blood loss and fighting against infections. 

Blood cancer symptoms may depend on which type of cancer a person is suffering from. The typical blood cancer symptoms include severe fatigue, abnormal weight loss, sweaty nights, and swelling in the lymph nodes. 

Read on to understand more about blood cancer’s causes and risk factors.

Gender

Few types of blood cancer occur most of the time in men than in women. This doesn’t mean that women don’t get blood cancer.

Chemical Exposure

Chemicals like benzene, used in the rubber industry, oil refinery, and gasoline-related industry, can trigger blood cancer. 

Heavy exposure to a chemical called formaldehyde significantly increases blood cancer risk.

Exposure to Radiation 

Radiation therapy used to treat another kind of cancer can increase the risk of getting blood cancer. If the radiation dose is high, the risk of developing blood cancer also increases.

Family History 

If a close family member (sibling or parent has blood cancer, developing blood cancer is elevated.

Blood Disorders

Some blood disorders increase blood cancer risk. A few examples of such disorders are chronic myeloproliferative, essential thrombocythemia, idiopathic myelofibrosis, and polycythaemia vera.

Genetic Disorders

A few syndromes that increase the risk of blood cancer are genetic. These genetic disorders include bloom syndrome, type-1 neurofibromatosis, Schwachman-diamond syndrome, diamond- blackfan anaemia, Li-Fraumeni syndrome, and severe congenital neutropenia. A few other problems could be present right from birth and could lead to a risk of blood cancer.

These are the most common causes and risk factors. Most people who have these known risk factors don’t get blood cancer. And several people with blood cancer don’t have any of these risk factors. Blood cancer is a life-threatening disease that needs early diagnosis and treatment. If anyone is experiencing any blood cancer symptoms, seek immediate medical assistance to avoid complications.

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