A set of eye disorders that can impact patients with diabetes are referred to as diabetic eye disease. These ailments include glaucoma, cataracts, diabetic retinopathy, and diabetic macular edoema.
Over time, diabetes can affect your eyes, causing hazy vision or even blindness. However, you can take action to stop diabetic eye disease from developing or from getting worse by treating your diabetes.
The effects of diabetes on my eyes?
Diabetes can result from having too much blood glucose, also called blood sugar, which can also damage your eyes.
it’s unlikely that high blood sugar will cause you to lose your vision in the near future. People may experience temporary vision issues for a few days or weeks when making changes to their diabetic care routine or medications. High blood sugar levels can cause swelling in the tissues in your eyes that aid in focusing, which can alter the fluid balance and impair your vision. This hazy vision is momentary and goes away after your blood sugar levels stabilize.
If your blood glucose levels stay high for an extended period of time, the tiny blood vessels in the back of your eyes may be harmed. Prediabetes is when blood sugar levels are elevated but not high enough to be identified as developing diabetes. Blood vessels that have been injured and are leaking fluid might cause swelling. Labeled, fragile blood vessels can also develop. These blood vessels may cause scarring, an eye with dangerously high pressure, or leakage into the center of your eye.
There is the retinal inner lining of each eye. The retina transforms light into messages that your brain can comprehend so you can see your surroundings. A disorder known as diabetic retinopathy is brought on by retinal damage from harmed blood vessels.
In the early stages of diabetic retinopathy, blood vessels may deteriorate, enlarge, or leak into the retina. The term for this stage is non-proliferative diabetic retinopathy.
A few blood vessels on the retina’s surface block off as the problem gets worse, which encourages the development or proliferation of new blood vessels. The term used to describe this stage is proliferative diabetic retinopathy. These abnormally expanding blood arteries could cause serious vision problems.
Diabetic macular edema
The macula is the area of your retina that is necessary for activities like reading, driving, and recognizing faces. Diabetes can cause diabetic macular edoema and swelling of the macula. This condition has the potential to gradually obliterate this area of the eye’s keen vision, resulting in partial blindness or vision loss. Macular edoema typically appears in individuals with concomitant symptoms of diabetic retinopathy.