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Glaucoma- causes, symptoms, and prevention

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Optic nerve damage from glaucoma affects your eye. It typically occurs when liquid forms in the front part of your eye. Your eye becomes more stressed as a result of the increased liquid, which harms the optic nerve.

There are more than 1,000,000 tiny nerve filaments in the optic nerve. It looks like a series of tiny wires that make up an electric wire. You will develop weak spots in your vision as these nerve strands continue to spread. It’s possible that until the majority of your optic nerve strands have died, you won’t notice these weak areas. In the case that all of the strands fail, you will lose your vision.

For people over 60, glaucoma is the leading cause of visual impairment. However, glaucoma vision impairment can frequently be avoided with early treatment.

Causes of glaucoma

Your eye creates fluid humor all the time. The same amount of fluid that enters your eye should also flow out. The waste point is the point where the liquid exits. The intraocular tension, or IOP, in the eye is stable by this cycle. However, if the waste point isn’t operating as it should, the liquid will form. The optic nerve is harmed as a result of increased internal strain.

Sometimes it’s unclear why the pressure in your eyes rises. However, health doctors think one or more of the following may be involved:

  • eyedrops that dilate your pupils;
  • obstructions or restrictions in your eye’s discharge; and drugs like corticosteroids
  • Your optic nerve’s blood supply is inadequate or diminished.
  • raised or high blood pressure

Symptoms of glaucoma

Point conclusion glaucoma sufferers usually don’t show any signs before an assault. Loss of vision, radiances, mild migraines, or eye pain is a few early indicators of an assault. As soon as time permits, an ophthalmologist should actually examine anyone exhibiting these symptoms. An attack of point-blank glaucoma includes the following:

  • severe pain in the eye or temple
  • eye redness
  • Reduced or imperceptible eyesight
  • observing radiances or rainbows
  • migraine
  • queasiness
  • spewing

Preventions and medication

Eye drop medicine is primarily used to treat glaucoma. These eye drops reduce eye pressure when used regularly. Some achieve this by reducing the amount of watery fluid the eye produces. Others ease the strain by helping the liquid stream pass the waste point better.

Glaucoma medications can help you maintain your eyesight, but they may also have unwanted side effects. Some eye drops may result in the following side effects:

  • Red skin around the eyes or eyes that are red
  • alterations in your heartbeat and breathing
  • alterations in your level of energy
  • variations in breathing (particularly assuming that you have asthma or breathing issues)
  • Mouth dry
  • Visual obscuration
  • the growth of eyelashes
  • alterations in the color of your eyes, the skin around them, or the way your eyelids look.

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