How to Establish a Skin-Care Regimen


Great skin isn’t just a result of your genes; your everyday behaviors have a significant impact on what you see in the mirror. However, there are a bewildering number of viewpoints on everything from how to moisturize to how to protect oneself from UV radiation, depending on which product reviews you read or doctors you consult. Finally, skin care is a matter of personal preference. Here are some things to bear in a Skin-Care Program.

Skin Care Tips Before You Start

Three Main Steps

Consider your skin-care routine to be made up of three basic steps:

  • Washing your face is referred to as cleansing.
  • Toning is the process of balancing the skin.
  • Moisturizing the skin hydrates and softens it.

Any Skin-Care Program should aim to tune up your complexion so it performs at its best, as well as troubleshoot or target any areas you want to improve. “Beauty habits provide an opportunity to detect changes within yourself,” says Kristina Holey, a dermatologist in San Francisco. Your products will change as your skin’s needs change as you get older. “It’s not about generating perfection,” she adds. Allow these three actions to become a daily habit that strengthens your skin and helps you to stay grounded throughout the day.

Give it Time

The science behind skin-care products has progressed significantly, but there is still no such thing as an immediate remedy, according to Dr. Rachel Nazarian of Schweiger Dermatology Group in Manhattan. “The only way to see results is to utilize it consistently,” she says. To observe a difference, try using a product for at least six weeks, once or twice daily.

Tip: Apply any skin-care product in order of consistency, starting with the thinnest and working your way up to the thickest. Cleanser, toner (if you use one), serum, and moisturizer, for example.

Cleansing in Skin-Care Program

According to Dr. Carlos Charles, a dermatologist in New York City, washing your face is the most fundamental and crucial step in any practice. “Every day, our skin comes into contact with pollution, filth, and other things that should be delicately removed.” To avoid clogged pores, dullness, and acne, wash twice a day, morning and night.

Find Your Facial Cleanser

The appropriate cleanser cleans your skin without stripping it of its natural oils. Exfoliating scrubs should be used only once a week and should not contain crushed walnut shells or abrasive substances.

Here’s what to look for in a cleansing product for everyday use:

What Does Non-Comedogenic Mean Exactly?

This word is regularly found on product labels and is frequently used by skin-care professionals, however it is not usually described in basic, straightforward terms. Here’s a basic rundown: When a product is labeled as non-comedogenic, it indicates it won’t clog pores or cause acne by occluding the skin, obstructing glands, or irritating the hair follicle. However, the FDA does not regulate the claim, and many companies conduct their own internal studies to determine if a product is comedogenic or not. (Cocoa butter and coconut oil are two typical comedogenic substances.) The fewer components a product contains, the easier it is to identify whether or not it will produce any reactions.

Toning in Skin-Care Program

How to Use Toner

For many people, the word “toner” conjures up images of stinging astringents from the 1980s. Dr. Nazarian explains, “The original was an alcohol-based solution that was used to dry off oily skin and eliminate any residual dirt after cleansing.” However, today’s formulations have evolved. Consider them supplements: these thin liquids give an extra burst of nutrients, assisting the absorption of the other products in your regimen while also regulating your complexion. According to Jordana Mattioli, an aesthetician in New York City, most specialists consider toner to be optional: “It can be a good method to add specific components that you might not have in your other products or to offer another layer of skin replenishment.” Here are some hero ingredients to look for if you have the time and inclination:
  • To gently remove dead skin cells that might clog pores, repair sun-damaged skin, and reduce dullness, alpha and beta hydroxy acids are used.
  • To repair fine wrinkles, use hyaluronic acid to enhance hydration, lock in dewiness, and plump skin.
  • Rose water and green tea have anti-inflammatory properties that help to soothe inflammation and minimize redness.
  • Vitamins E and C help to protect your skin from free radicals, which can cause it to age prematurely.

What is Toner?

“Toners should be used after cleansing and before applying any other products,” Mattioli advises. Saturating a cotton pad and passing it over your face is the usual application method. “You end up losing a lot of product,” Mattioli points out.
“The most efficient way to apply toner is with clean hands. Simply put a few drops in your palm and swipe them on.” If you prefer, Mattioli suggests pulling apart a cotton pad “so it’s not so thick before putting toner on it.” Most formulae can be used morning and night, while those containing exfoliating acids should be used only at night or every other day.

Treating With Serums in Skin-Care Program

Serums, in a nutshell, are potent skin buddies. These elixirs, which are packed with concentrated amounts of active substances, can help with everything from dark spots to wrinkles. “Even if you don’t have any special problems, everyone requires an antioxidant serum in the morning to protect against daily aggressors,” Mattioli explains. While there are “infinite alternatives” for ingredients, Nazarian favors her tried-and-true favorites. Look for the following goods to address specific issues:

  • Hyaluronic acid prevents moisture loss by sealing in hydration and strengthening the barrier function (the top layer of your skin).
  • With sustained use, vitamin C can help to lighten dull skin and reduce dark spots.
  • Vitamin B3, retinol, and peptides encourage the development of collagen and elastin, two proteins in the body that help prevent wrinkles and sagging of the skin.
  • Colloidal sulfur, niacinamide, and colloidal sulfur help to relieve redness and irritation by reducing inflammation and improving acne with antibacterial properties.

Helpful Hints and Pointers

You might wish to utilize numerous formulas if you have multiple issues. Mattioli explains, “I advocate treating different places with different products.” “Perhaps you’ll apply a vitamin C serum all over, then dab on [another] to treat hyperpigmentation in a few spots.” To avoid any potential problems, see your dermatologist before using any combination.

Don’t try to incorporate a serum into your moisturizer to save time. According to Dr. Nazarian, this reduces the serum’s capacity to absorb properly. “Each product should be applied separately.”

Not all serums should be used at the same time. “It depends on the ingredients,” adds Dr. Nazarian. “In the morning, I prefer antioxidants since they provide additional environmental protection in Skin-Care Program, and most of us don’t apply enough sunscreen as it is,” Mattioli explains. Certain substances, however, are best applied at night. “Retinols are not sun-stable and will degrade if applied during the day,” warns Dr. Nazarian. Bottom line: Carefully read the label directions.

Moisturizing in Skin-Care Program

A moisturizer’s most fundamental function is to hydrate and soften the skin. Dr. Charles notes that moisturizers help to minimize water loss through the skin’s outer layers. “They can also work in tandem with the skin’s own protective oils and other building blocks, such as ceramides.” This is one product that dermatologists recommend for all skin types all year round. Dr. Nazarian believes that “as we age, our skin loses its ability to retain moisture,” and that “daily activities, such as washing, can take natural hydrators from the surface.”

How to Pick a Moisturizer

“Everyone requires moisture,” Mattioli says, “but the texture of your moisturizer will vary based on your skin type.” Dr. Nazarian has provided you with a cheat sheet.

The Difference Between a Day and Night Cream

Morning creams are designed to protect your skin from the environmental aggressors you’ll encounter outside the house; several contain antioxidants to reduce pollution-based free radicals and sunscreen to protect you from UV radiation. They are usually of a light consistency. Night creams, on the other hand, concentrate on repairing any damage that has occurred, using chemicals like as retinol to expedite cellular turnover and reduce dark spots. With emollients that frequently provide a rich, thick texture, these creams help replace moisture levels, which naturally drop in the evening.

Eye Creams, Explained

Is it possible to go a day without using an eye cream in Skin-Care Program? Absolutely. However, if you have specific issues, like as hyperpigmentation, dryness, or puffiness, you should give one a try. Dr. Nazarian explains, “The skin around the eyes is particularly thin and sensitive, and it is more likely to respond to irritating chemicals than other areas.” “As a result, physicians often recommend an eye cream that takes into account potential sensitivity and has more bearable active ingredient concentrations.”

Caffeine, peptides, and hyaluronic acid, according to Mattioli, can help with undereye bags and irritation. “Dark circles can be caused by apparent veins or true discolouration, which is more common in those with darker skin tones,” she notes. “Look for chemicals that brighten the skin, such as vitamin C, kojic acid, and niacinamide.” To avoid eye discomfort, stay away from powerful retinols (which can sting and cause redness) and smell.

Protect With Sunscreen

All of the specialists we spoke with agreed on one thing: sunscreen is, without a doubt, the most important skin-care product. According to Dr. Charles, it’s “very important as part of your year-round program.” “Using sunscreen on a daily basis helps to prevent fine lines and wrinkles, textural defects, and changes in the appearance of pores over time. More significantly, using sunscreen on a daily basis can help to prevent the development of some skin cancers.” Experts recommend using a daily moisturizer with a broad range SPF of at least 30 to make it easier to remember.

Decoding Sunscreen Formulas

There’s a lot of discussion about which sunscreens are the best and safest for your skin. In formulations, there are two categories of ingredients:

  • Chemical substances that are absorbed into the skin to protect against UV radiation damage, such as oxybenzone and octinoxate.


  • Lightweight, easy to apply, and skin-transparent.


  • Those with sensitive skin may be irritated and experience reactions.
  • Certain compounds, such as oxybenzone, have generated health concerns and are included on the Environmental Working Group’s Skin Deep Cosmetic Database as having a “high hazard” classification.
  • Physical components that sit on top of your skin to deflect or prevent UV rays from entering your body, such as titanium dioxide and zinc oxide.


  • There is very little chance of irritation or health problems.


  • Frequently leave a white or grayish tinge on the complexion, especially in darker skin tones.

Insider tip: According to Dr. Charles, “I normally recommend the use of sunscreens that contain a combination of physical and chemical inhibiting components.” “These will protect you from both UVA and UVB radiation, and they usually don’t leave any residue.”

Sunscreen Application 101

“Apply sunscreen 30 minutes before sun exposure, and reapply at least every two hours,” advises Dr. Nazarian. Chemical sunscreens should be applied straight to clean skin, whilst physical blockers should be used last in your skin-care routine, but before applying makeup. To cover your face and vulnerable portions of your body, use about two tablespoons of sunscreen; within that quantity, use a nickel-size dab to cover your face.”

All of the specialists we spoke with agreed on one thing: sunscreen is, without a doubt, the most important skin-care product. According to Dr. Charles, it’s “very important in a Skin-Care Program as part of your year-round program.” “Using sunscreen on a daily basis helps to prevent fine lines and wrinkles, textural defects, and changes in the appearance of pores over time. More significantly, using sunscreen on a daily basis can help to prevent the development of some skin cancers.” Experts recommend using a daily moisturizer with a broad range SPF of at least 30 to make it easier to remember.

Illustrations by Fireboy and Watergirl, Animation by Jonathan Eden


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