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Most Common Surgical Instruments Used In Operating Room

by Emily Sofia
commonly used surgical instruments

A wide range of common surgical instruments has made successful surgeries possible. Because of their advanced features, these surgical instruments help the surgeons perform different natures of surgeries with precision in a trouble-free manner. Surgery is an aspect that requires precise and efficient surgical instruments to alleviate the chances of potential risks and complications throughout the surgical procedures. Well-maintained surgical instruments are not only involved in multiple kinds of surgeries, but their benefits to the surgeons and specifications have made them an integral part of a surgeon’s toolkit to start surgery. 

Types Of Common Surgical Instruments

We are going to broadly classify the surgical instruments used in surgery into the following three categories, which have different functions relevant to the field of surgery. Each of them has its specific functions suitable to a surgical activity and must be used according to its nature. 

  • Cutting instruments work on sharp lacerations of anatomical structures, which include surgical blades, surgical scissors, and other surgical instruments like them. 
  • Grasping or holding surgical instruments are for certain uplifting objects, which include different forceps. 
  • Surgical Retractors are another type of surgical instrument which hold the operational field in one place to easily perform the surgery from all directions. 

Cutting Instruments

One of the finest and most typical surgical instruments is surgical scissors, and there are many reasons behind it. The stainless steel body is heavy-duty because of its high tensile strength. The structure comprises sharp blades which opens and close by the hand movements of the surgeon. These scissors have a dual function of incising both biological structures like tissues and non-biological structures like adhesive wound stripes and stitching materials or threads. The subcategories of these surgical scissors actually determine their utilization in a particular surgical application. 

Following important parameters must be kept in mind while choosing surgical scissors for a procedure: 

  1. Surgical scissors with edgy tips and blades work well for eye surgeries and other complex surgeries because the operational field can be located in an area that offers less room for the surgical procedure, which is why edgy and precise surgical scissors reach out the tight and dull areas for accurate surgery. 
  2. The surgical scissors with arched bodies protect the adjacent tissues and those beneath the surface, which require attention and careful implementation of the surgical scissors. 
  3. Metzenbaum surgical scissors are bulky and powerful to lacerate the fur, hard surgical entities, and even cartilage. The structure allows these surgical scissors to penetrate through such structures easily. 

Grasping Instruments

Surgical forceps allow the uplifting of structures both in the medical and dental fields. The blades of the forceps help the surgeon to take out the desired structure and have a look at it. These forceps can vary in design and structure, which determines their application as well. All the uplifting surgical activities are performed with the surgical forceps because of their multidimensional nature and benefits. 

  • Reverse forceps do not require manual closing and are opened with less pressure. They exert a specific amount of force on the operational or surgical site to protect the adjacent structures due to forceful application. 
  • Ceramic tipped forceps have a heavy-duty body that protects them from rusting and also makes them withstand extra heat. 
  • Straight tipped forceps are thin to appear, which is why they make their way straight into the restricted and dull areas, which are difficult to approach with other surgical instruments.

Another type of surgical forceps is ring forceps which have major counterparts like a ratchet and powerful jaws. The round body provides easy handling till the end of the surgery. The ratchet mechanism and jaws work simultaneously for appropriate performance as well. 

Hemostatic forceps are for managing the blood vessels and their blood flow. These delicate structures are easily held with these surgical instruments so that a surgeon is able to release the blood flow and stop it by using these surgical forceps. 


Surgical Retractors are for manipulation and maneuvering. These surgical instruments hold the anatomical structures firmly in the left and right directions so that a surgeon can have a look at the operational field and the hidden structures as well. The directions from which a retractor augments the wound or the surgical field can vary according to the nature of the procedure. 

  • Hand retractors need manual implementation. A surgeon holds them in his hands through the entire process. 
  • Self-retaining retractors do not require manual handling. They work on their own and retreat the tissues in a precise manner, thus saving time and energy for the surgeon. 
  • Wire retractors are identical in function to the self-retaining retractors, but they vary in the technique. They consist of a spring by which a surgeon opens and closes them when needed. 

Needle Drivers/ Needle Holders

The functional counterparts of these surgical instruments, needle holders, are tips and inserts. The tips have an ergonomic design which provides convenient handling. The inserts are made of tungsten carbide so that a surgeon can hold the needle holder with an extra tight grip. A surgeon has to be sure while working with the needle holders. The size of the needle and the needle holder should match for no potential risks and complications. 

Suturing surgical instruments

These surgical instruments function in stitching procedures. The needle holders, surgical stitching scissors, and other surgical instruments have specific functions when it comes to stitching wounds. The needle holders move the needles around and through the wound so that quick recovery is made possible by the wound closure

Tips To Select Instruments Used In General Surgery

surgical retracting instruments sets

  • Size of the Instrument

A surgeon has to be well aware of the size of the surgical instrument he is using for a surgical procedure. For instance, the size of the needle and its relevant needle holder should match for proper application. 

  • Usage Frequency 

Surgical instruments with heavy structures and metallic bodies with high tensile strength can be used multiple times in different surgeries. They can be used more than once by sterilization and cheap measures of maintenance. 

  • Procedure-Related Information

A surgeon should do his homework before his upcoming surgery. He should have an idea of the factors and potential risks of the surgery he has to perform next by reading information from the internet and print media so that he can perform a successful surgical task. 

Final Verdict 

Are you looking for quality surgical tools for your clinic or healthcare facility? If yes, then visit the GerMedUSA Inc. It manufactures and supplies different kinds and types of general surgical instruments at competitive prices.

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